Philippines


The Philippines is an archipelagic country, which is situated in southeast Asia. Its official name is the Republic of the Philippines. It is situated within the western Pacific Ocean, it includes approximately7,641 islands which might be widely categorized beneath the three most important geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The capital of the Philippines is a manila city and its most populous city is Quezon City, both part of metro manila. Bounded by way of the south china sea at the west, the Philippine sea at the east and the Celebes Sea at the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Palau to the east, Indonesia to the south, Malaysia and Brunei to the southwest, Vietnam to the west, and china to the northwest.

The Philippines ' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and near to the equator makes the country prone to earthquakes and typhoons but additionally endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity. The Philippines is an island country with an area of 300,000 km2(120,000 sq mi) which is the fifth-largest in the world. As of 2015, it had a population of at least 100million. As of January 2018, it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th-most populated country in the world. About 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas as of 2013, comprising one of the world's biggest diasporas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands.

The Philippines is a founding member of the united nations (UN), WTO (World Trade organization), Association of Southeast Asian countries, the Asia-pacific economic cooperation forum, and the Eastasia summit. It additionally hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank. The Philippines is taken into consideration to be a rising marketplace and a newly industrialized country.

Geography and Climate
The Philippines is an archipelago composed of about 7,641 islands with a total land area, which includes inland bodies of water, of 300,000 square kilometers (115,831 square meters). This makes it the 5th largest island in the world. This makes it the 5th largest island in the world. The 36,289kilometers (22,549 mi) of coastline makes it the country with the fifth-longest coastline in the globe. The Exclusive economic zone of the Philippines covers 2,263,816 km2 (874,064 sq mi). It is positioned between 116° 40 and 126° 34e longitude and four° forty & and 21° 10 latitudes and is bordered via the philippine sea to the east, the south china sea to the west, and the Celebes Sea to the south. The island of Borneo is located some hundred kilometers southwest and Taiwan is located directly to the north. The Moluccas and Sulawesi are placed to the south-southwest and Palau is placed to the east of the islands.
Most of the islands in the Philippines are mountainous islands that are covered in tropical rainforest and volcanic in origin. The highest mountain in the Philippines is mount apo. It measures up to 2,954meters (9,692 ft) above sea level and is located on the island of Mindanao. The Galathea Depth in the philippine trench is the deepest point in the country and the third deepest within the world. The trench is placed inside the philippine sea.
The Philippines has a tropical maritime climate that is commonly warm and humid. There are three seasons: tag-init or tag-araw, the hot dry season or summer time from march to might also; tag-ulan, the rainy season from June to November; and tag-lamig, the cool dry season from December to February. The southwest monsoon (from May to October) is called the Habagat, and the dry winds of the northeast monsoon (from November to April), the Amihan. Temperatures normally vary from 21°c (70 °f) to 32 °c (ninety °f) although it can get cooler or warmer relying at the season on. The coolest month is January; the warmest is may additionally. The average yearly temperature is around 26. 6 °c (79. 9 °f).

Seasons: -
The weather of the country is divided into major seasons:
  • The rainy season, from June to early October.
  • the dry season, from the later part of October to May also. The dry season can be subdivided similarly into (a) the cool dry season, from the later a part of October to February; and (b)the new dry season, from March to May. The months of April and May, the hot and dry months while schools are on their long break between educational years, is referred to as summer season while in most of the northern hemisphere the one's months are part offspring.

Demographics
The population of the Philippines has increased from 1990 to 2008 by about 28 million, 45%increase in that time period. The first official census in the Philippines changed was carried out in1877 and recorded a population of 5,567,685.
It is estimated that half of the population living on the island of Luzon. The 3.21% population increase rate between 1995 and 2000 decreased to an estimated 1.95% for the 2005–2010 period, but it says a contentious issue. The population's median age is 22.7 years with 60.9% aged from 15 to64 years old. Life expectancy at birth is 69.4 years, 73.1 years for females, and 65.9 years for males. Poverty incidence also significantly dropped to 21.6% in 2015 from 25.2% in 2012.

Cities
Metro Manila is the most populous of the three described metropolitan regions within the Philippines and the eighth-most populous in the world in 2018. Census records from 2015 showed it had a population of 12,877,253 comprising nearly 13% of the countrywide population. Consisting of suburbs within the adjoining provinces (Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna, and Rizal) of Greater Manila, the populace is around 24,650,000. Across the country, the Philippines has a total urbanization rate of 51.2%.

Languages
Ethnologue lists 186 languages in the Philippines, 182 out of 186 are living languages, even as four not have any regarded speakers. Maximum native languages are a part of the Philippine branch of the Malay-Polynesian languages, which is itself a branch of the Austronesian language family.
Filipino and English are the official languages of the Philippines. Filipino is a standardized version of Tagalog, spoken mainly in Metro Manila and other urban areas. Both Filipino and English are used in government, education, print, broadcast media, business, and commercial enterprise.

Culture of Philippines
Filipino culture is a combination of Eastern and Western cultures. The Philippines ' famous aspects discovered in different Asian nations with a Malay background, yet its tradition also presentations a significant number of Spanish and American influences. Traditional festivities referred to as barrio fiestas (district festivals) to commemorate the feast days of patron saints are common, these community celebrations are times for feasting, music (song), and dancing. The Ati-Atihan, Morionesand Sinulog festivals are a couple of the most well-known.

Some traditions, but, are changing or gradually being forgotten due to modernization. Bayanihan Philippine National Folks Dance Company has been lauded for retaining a number of the diverse traditional folk dances located all through the Philippines. They're famed for their iconic performances of Philippine dances consisting of the tinikling and single that each feature clashing bamboo poles.

The common use of the English language is an instance of the American impact on Philippine society. It has contributed to the prepared reputation and has an impact on American pop-cultural trends. This affinity is seen in Filipinos love of fast food and American film and music. Fast food stores are determined on many street corners. Fast food outlets are found on many street corners. American global fast-food chain stalwarts have entered the market, however, local fast meals chains like Goldilocks and most notably Jollibee, the leading fast-food chain within the country, have emerged and competed successfully in opposition to their overseas competitors.

Music
Philippine music has evolved rapidly because of the extraordinary influences stemming from colonialism under other countries. Before the Spanish conquest of the islands, most music was reminiscent of, or heavily influenced by, nature. Some examples of this tribal music are Koyu NoTebulul of the T bold and Ambo Hato of the Ifugao. This genre is frequently accompanied by gong music and one widely known instrument is the kulintang.

Marcelo Adonay (organist), simplicial Solis (organist), diego c. Perez (pianist), Jose Conseco (pianist), and doña dolores paterno (composer) have been a number of the recognized musicians in this era.

Cuisine
Filipino food has evolved over several centuries from its malayo-Polynesian origins to emerge as combined cuisine with many Hispanic, Chinese language, American, and other Asian impacts which have been adapted to local ingredients and the Filipino palate to create distinctively Filipino dishes. Dishes range from the very simple, like a meal of fried salted fish and rice, to the elaborate, such as the paellas and cocidos created for fiestas.

Popular dishes include lechón, adobo, sinigang, kare-kare, tapa, crispy pata, pancit, lumpia, and halo-halo. Some common local ingredients used in cooking are calamansi, coconuts, saba (a kind of short wide plantain), mangoes, ube, milkfish, and fish sauce.

Not like many asians, maximum filipinos do not eat with chopsticks; they use western cutlery. However, possibly due to rice being the number one staple meal and the popularity of a large number of stews and main dishes with broth in Filipino cuisine, the main pairing of utensils seen at the Filipino dining table is that of spoon and fork, now not knife and fork.

Sports
Sports within the Philippines are a crucial part of the country's culture. There are six most popular sports in the Philippines: basketball, boxing, tennis, football, billiards, and volleyball. No matter being a tropical nation, ice skating has recently end up a popular sport in the Philippines. Sports such as athletics, weightlifting, aerobics, and martial arts are also famous recreations.

Basketball is played at both amateur and professional levels and is considered to be the most popular sport in the Philippines. In 2010, manny Pacquiao turned into a named fighter of the last decade for the 2000s (decade) by the Boxing Writers Association of America (BWAA), world boxing council (WBC), and world boxing organization (WBO). The national martial art and sports of the country. It is arnis, eskrima or kali in some regions.

Transport
The Philippines, a country in Southeast Asia consists of 7641 islands. Philippines ' transportation is underdeveloped which is due to mountain terrain, scattered geography, and low investments consistently from governments.

Air transport: The Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines manages 85 public airports operational and implementation of policies regarding safe air travel. Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA)serves the greater manila area with Clark International airport. The philippine airline, the oldest commercial airlines are still operating and Cebu Pacific, a low-cost airline serving most domestic and international destinations.

Road transport: of the Philippines, 216,387 Kilometers of roads are there and for the buses, jeepneys, taxis, and motorized tricycles are commonly available in major towns and cities. It is been registered in 2007 that 5.53 million motor vehicles increasing at an average annual rate of 4.55%. Expressways and highways are also there for better transportation and some expressways like Cebu-Cordova Link expressway, which is outside Luzon to be finished in 2021.

Rail transport: Metro is available in the Philippines for transporting passengers within Metro Manila, the province of Laguna, and some parts of the Bicol region. Freight transport is considered to be-existed. Till now the country is having 79 Kilometers of railway footprint which is planned to be expanded to 244 Kilometers. A multitude of other railway lines is planned. In the past, railways were also used for agricultural purposes.

Water Transport: In the Philippines, inter-island traveling is often necessary using watercraft which is traditionally done by small to medium-sized double outrigger vessels, ranging from dugouts to plank-built vessels. They collectively knew as Bangka, as per their high diversity. Bangka was originally propelled by sails but from 1970s sails have almost completely replaced by motor engines. Motor engine Bangka is referred to as pump boats. Other traditional boats are mostly gone extinct or disappear but Bangka is still in popularity due to their stability, speed, and ability to navigate even shallow coral reefs. Manila, Batangas, Subic, Cebu, Iloilo, Davao, Cagayan de Oro, and Zamboangaare the busiest seaports. To serve Manila, 2GO Travel and Sulpicio Lines are there with the links to various cities and towns through passenger's vessels. Strong Republic Nautical Highway of 919Kilometers was established in 2003, which covers 17 cities. The Pasig River Ferry Service has numerous stops in Manila, Makati, Mandaluyong, Pasig, and Marikina, which serves the major rivers in Metro Manila, also includes Pasig River and Marikina River.

Cost of Living
The cost of living in the Philippines is almost similar compared to India. Students can expect it between10K to 15K INR. Transport cost in Egypt is a little high compared to India. The food here is also costlier than in other African countries. However, the cost of living also depends on the lifestyle of an individual.
  • Restaurant food in the Philippines is 30% higher than in India.
  • Grocery Price in the Philippines is 40% lower than India.
  • 1 Bedroom Apartment is around 45% costlier than India.
  • Clothing and shoes prices are 30% higher than in India.
  • Transportation cost is almost similar.

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