Philippines


The Philippines is an archipelagic country, which is situated in southeast Asia. Its official name is the Republic of the Philippines. It is situated within the western Pacific Ocean, it includes approximately7,641 islands which might be widely categorized beneath the three most important geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The capital of the Philippines is a manila city and its most populous city is Quezon City, both part of metro manila. Bounded by way of the south china sea at the west, the Philippine sea at the east and the Celebes Sea at the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Palau to the east, Indonesia to the south, Malaysia and Brunei to the southwest, Vietnam to the west, and china to the northwest.

The Philippines ' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and near to the equator makes the country prone to earthquakes and typhoons but additionally endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity. The Philippines is an island country with an area of 300,000 km2(120,000 sq mi) which is the fifth-largest in the world. As of 2015, it had a population of at least 100million. As of January 2018, it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th-most populated country in the world. About 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas as of 2013, comprising one of the world's biggest diasporas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands.

The Philippines is a founding member of the united nations (UN), WTO (World Trade organization), Association of Southeast Asian countries, the Asia-pacific economic cooperation forum, and the Eastasia summit. It additionally hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank. The Philippines is taken into consideration to be a rising marketplace and a newly industrialized country.

Geography and Climate
The Philippines is an archipelago composed of about 7,641 islands with a total land area, which includes inland bodies of water, of 300,000 square kilometers (115,831 square meters). This makes it the 5th largest island in the world. This makes it the 5th largest island in the world. The 36,289kilometers (22,549 mi) of coastline makes it the country with the fifth-longest coastline in the globe. The Exclusive economic zone of the Philippines covers 2,263,816 km2 (874,064 sq mi). It is positioned between 116° 40 and 126° 34e longitude and four° forty & and 21° 10 latitudes and is bordered via the philippine sea to the east, the south china sea to the west, and the Celebes Sea to the south. The island of Borneo is located some hundred kilometers southwest and Taiwan is located directly to the north. The Moluccas and Sulawesi are placed to the south-southwest and Palau is placed to the east of the islands.
Most of the islands in the Philippines are mountainous islands that are covered in tropical rainforest and volcanic in origin. The highest mountain in the Philippines is mount apo. It measures up to 2,954meters (9,692 ft) above sea level and is located on the island of Mindanao. The Galathea Depth in the philippine trench is the deepest point in the country and the third deepest within the world. The trench is placed inside the philippine sea.
The Philippines has a tropical maritime climate that is commonly warm and humid. There are three seasons: tag-init or tag-araw, the hot dry season or summer time from march to might also; tag-ulan, the rainy season from June to November; and tag-lamig, the cool dry season from December to February. The southwest monsoon (from May to October) is called the Habagat, and the dry winds of the northeast monsoon (from November to April), the Amihan. Temperatures normally vary from 21°c (70 °f) to 32 °c (ninety °f) although it can get cooler or warmer relying at the season on. The coolest month is January; the warmest is may additionally. The average yearly temperature is around 26. 6 °c (79. 9 °f).

Seasons: -
The weather of the country is divided into major seasons:
  • The rainy season, from June to early October.
  • the dry season, from the later part of October to May also. The dry season can be subdivided similarly into (a) the cool dry season, from the later a part of October to February; and (b)the new dry season, from March to May. The months of April and May, the hot and dry months while schools are on their long break between educational years, is referred to as summer season while in most of the northern hemisphere the one's months are part offspring.

Demographics
The population of the Philippines has increased from 1990 to 2008 by about 28 million, 45%increase in that time period. The first official census in the Philippines changed was carried out in1877 and recorded a population of 5,567,685.
It is estimated that half of the population living on the island of Luzon. The 3.21% population increase rate between 1995 and 2000 decreased to an estimated 1.95% for the 2005–2010 period, but it says a contentious issue. The population's median age is 22.7 years with 60.9% aged from 15 to64 years old. Life expectancy at birth is 69.4 years, 73.1 years for females, and 65.9 years for males. Poverty incidence also significantly dropped to 21.6% in 2015 from 25.2% in 2012.

Cities
Metro Manila is the most populous of the three described metropolitan regions within the Philippines and the eighth-most populous in the world in 2018. Census records from 2015 showed it had a population of 12,877,253 comprising nearly 13% of the countrywide population. Consisting of suburbs within the adjoining provinces (Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna, and Rizal) of Greater Manila, the populace is around 24,650,000. Across the country, the Philippines has a total urbanization rate of 51.2%.

Languages
Ethnologue lists 186 languages in the Philippines, 182 out of 186 are living languages, even as four not have any regarded speakers. Maximum native languages are a part of the Philippine branch of the Malay-Polynesian languages, which is itself a branch of the Austronesian language family.
Filipino and English are the official languages of the Philippines. Filipino is a standardized version of Tagalog, spoken mainly in Metro Manila and other urban areas. Both Filipino and English are used in government, education, print, broadcast media, business, and commercial enterprise.

Culture of Philippines
Filipino culture is a combination of Eastern and Western cultures. The Philippines ' famous aspects discovered in different Asian nations with a Malay background, yet its tradition also presentations a significant number of Spanish and American influences. Traditional festivities referred to as barrio fiestas (district festivals) to commemorate the feast days of patron saints are common, these community celebrations are times for feasting, music (song), and dancing. The Ati-Atihan, Morionesand Sinulog festivals are a couple of the most well-known.

Some traditions, but, are changing or gradually being forgotten due to modernization. Bayanihan Philippine National Folks Dance Company has been lauded for retaining a number of the diverse traditional folk dances located all through the Philippines. They're famed for their iconic performances of Philippine dances consisting of the tinikling and single that each feature clashing bamboo poles.

The common use of the English language is an instance of the American impact on Philippine society. It has contributed to the prepared reputation and has an impact on American pop-cultural trends. This affinity is seen in Filipinos love of fast food and American film and music. Fast food stores are determined on many street corners. Fast food outlets are found on many street corners. American global fast-food chain stalwarts have entered the market, however, local fast meals chains like Goldilocks and most notably Jollibee, the leading fast-food chain within the country, have emerged and competed successfully in opposition to their overseas competitors.

Music
Philippine music has evolved rapidly because of the extraordinary influences stemming from colonialism under other countries. Before the Spanish conquest of the islands, most music was reminiscent of, or heavily influenced by, nature. Some examples of this tribal music are Koyu NoTebulul of the T bold and Ambo Hato of the Ifugao. This genre is frequently accompanied by gong music and one widely known instrument is the kulintang.

Marcelo Adonay (organist), simplicial Solis (organist), diego c. Perez (pianist), Jose Conseco (pianist), and doña dolores paterno (composer) have been a number of the recognized musicians in this era.

Cuisine
Filipino food has evolved over several centuries from its malayo-Polynesian origins to emerge as combined cuisine with many Hispanic, Chinese language, American, and other Asian impacts which have been adapted to local ingredients and the Filipino palate to create distinctively Filipino dishes. Dishes range from the very simple, like a meal of fried salted fish and rice, to the elaborate, such as the paellas and cocidos created for fiestas.

Popular dishes include lechón, adobo, sinigang, kare-kare, tapa, crispy pata, pancit, lumpia, and halo-halo. Some common local ingredients used in cooking are calamansi, coconuts, saba (a kind of short wide plantain), mangoes, ube, milkfish, and fish sauce.

Not like many asians, maximum filipinos do not eat with chopsticks; they use western cutlery. However, possibly due to rice being the number one staple meal and the popularity of a large number of stews and main dishes with broth in Filipino cuisine, the main pairing of utensils seen at the Filipino dining table is that of spoon and fork, now not knife and fork.

Sports
Sports within the Philippines are a crucial part of the country's culture. There are six most popular sports in the Philippines: basketball, boxing, tennis, football, billiards, and volleyball. No matter being a tropical nation, ice skating has recently end up a popular sport in the Philippines. Sports such as athletics, weightlifting, aerobics, and martial arts are also famous recreations.

Basketball is played at both amateur and professional levels and is considered to be the most popular sport in the Philippines. In 2010, manny Pacquiao turned into a named fighter of the last decade for the 2000s (decade) by the Boxing Writers Association of America (BWAA), world boxing council (WBC), and world boxing organization (WBO). The national martial art and sports of the country. It is arnis, eskrima or kali in some regions.

Transport
The Philippines, a country in Southeast Asia consists of 7641 islands. Philippines ' transportation is underdeveloped which is due to mountain terrain, scattered geography, and low investments consistently from governments.

Air transport: The Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines manages 85 public airports operational and implementation of policies regarding safe air travel. Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA)serves the greater manila area with Clark International airport. The philippine airline, the oldest commercial airlines are still operating and Cebu Pacific, a low-cost airline serving most domestic and international destinations.

Road transport: of the Philippines, 216,387 Kilometers of roads are there and for the buses, jeepneys, taxis, and motorized tricycles are commonly available in major towns and cities. It is been registered in 2007 that 5.53 million motor vehicles increasing at an average annual rate of 4.55%. Expressways and highways are also there for better transportation and some expressways like Cebu-Cordova Link expressway, which is outside Luzon to be finished in 2021.

Rail transport: Metro is available in the Philippines for transporting passengers within Metro Manila, the province of Laguna, and some parts of the Bicol region. Freight transport is considered to be-existed. Till now the country is having 79 Kilometers of railway footprint which is planned to be expanded to 244 Kilometers. A multitude of other railway lines is planned. In the past, railways were also used for agricultural purposes.

Water Transport: In the Philippines, inter-island traveling is often necessary using watercraft which is traditionally done by small to medium-sized double outrigger vessels, ranging from dugouts to plank-built vessels. They collectively knew as Bangka, as per their high diversity. Bangka was originally propelled by sails but from 1970s sails have almost completely replaced by motor engines. Motor engine Bangka is referred to as pump boats. Other traditional boats are mostly gone extinct or disappear but Bangka is still in popularity due to their stability, speed, and ability to navigate even shallow coral reefs. Manila, Batangas, Subic, Cebu, Iloilo, Davao, Cagayan de Oro, and Zamboangaare the busiest seaports. To serve Manila, 2GO Travel and Sulpicio Lines are there with the links to various cities and towns through passenger vessels. Strong Republic Nautical Highway of 919Kilometers was established in 2003, which covers 17 cities. The Pasig River Ferry Service has numerous stops in Manila, Makati, Mandaluyong, Pasig, and Marikina, which serves the major rivers in Metro Manila, also includes Pasig River and Marikina River.

Cost of Living
The cost of living in the Philippines is almost similar compared to India. Students can expect it between10K to 15K INR. Transport cost in Egypt is a little high compared to India. The food here is also costlier than in other African countries. However, the cost of living also depends on the lifestyle of an individual.
  • Restaurant food in the Philippines is 30% higher than in India.
  • Grocery Price in the Philippines is 40% lower than India.
  • 1 Bedroom Apartment is around 45% costlier than India.
  • Clothing and shoes prices are 30% higher than in India.
  • Transportation cost is almost similar.

Education

Education in the Philippines is provided by using public and private schools, colleges, universities, and technical and vocational institutions in the country. Funding for public education comes from the National government.
Institutions of higher education are divided into public or non-public college or university, and public institutions of higher education may also further be subdivided into types: State universities and colleges and local colleges and universities.
As per 2008 report the Philippines had a literacy rate of 95.6% in which 95.1% for males and 96.1% for females. As per the functional literacy report, it is 86.45% in which 84.2% for males and 88.7% for females. In the national budget, 16.11% accounted for spending on education for 2015. As per the Commission on Higher Education lists 2180 higher education institutions are there in which 607 are public and 1573 are private.  Session start in June and ends in March and majority of universities and colleges are following semester system from June to October and November to March. For education various government agencies are involved and the Department of Education covers elementary, secondary and non-formal education. The TESDA i.e. Technical Education and Skills Development Authority administers post-secondary, middle level education training and development. To supervise colleges and graduate academic programs and degrees, The Commission on Higher Education is there which also regulates the standards in higher education. Public universities are all non-sectarian entities and further classified as State Universities and Colleges (SUC) or Local Colleges and Universities (LCU). The University of the Philippines is the national university which follows a system of eight constituent universities.

As per CHED published information on its website, there had been 7,766 foreign students studying in various higher education institutions within the Philippines as of 2011-2012. Koreans were the top overseas nationals studying inside the Philippines with 1,572. The rest had been Iranian, Chinese, American, and Indian.

Relations with India
India-Philippines relation i.e a foreign relation between the Republic of India and Republic of Philippines and a diplomatic relation was established in 1949. In Philippines, Indian embassy is in Manila while Philippines embassy is in New Delhi in India. A Treaty of Friendship was signed on 11July 1952 in between India and Philippines.

Cultural relations: In the Philippines, Filipino culture had Indian influences and about 30% of Tagalog language was loanwords from Sanskrit. The use of brass, copper, tin, and bronze also has Indian-origin. In the Philippines, literature also had Indian influences.

Military Relations: In the term 2011-2012, the Philippines supported India’s candidature for the non-permanent membership of the UN Security Council and there are regular consultations between both country's delegations. In the Foreign Service Institute of India, several foreign service officers attended ASEAN diplomats’ course. To visit the Philippines, Indian navy and coast guard ships visited and hold consultations with their counterparts. INS Satpura and INS Kadmatt visited Manila from 3-6October 2017, Indian Coast guard Ship ICGS Samarth visited Manila from 7-10 January 2017, on a goodwill visit to Subic Bay, INS Sahyadri and INS Sakthi visited Manila from 30 May -2 June 2016; INSSahyadri visited Manila from 1-4 November 2015; and from 20-23 August 2014; ICGS SamudraPaheredar visited Manila from 19-22 September 2014; On a goodwill visit, a flotilla of four Indian ships from the Eastern Fleet i.e. INS Shakti, INS Satpura, INS Ranjit, and INS Kirch visited Manila from12-16 June 2013. The intense participation of officers of the armed forces of both the countries is therein various specialized training courses because they have visits by National Defence Collegedelegations which also include first-ever NDC visits from the Philippines to India. A delegation from the College of Defence Management of India visited the Philippines from 23-31 October 2015; a delegation from the Army High Command Course of India visited the Philippines from 10-14 November 2014.
Trade relations: As per Indis’s Ministry of External Affairs, the trade amount between India-Philippines is at $1.6 billion, and economic relations also went gradually over the years. In 2016-2017, the trade is at around $1.981 billion in between both the countries after the impact of India-ASEAN FTA in Goods. India exports USD 1487 million and imports USD 494 million in 2016-17. India invests in the area of textiles, garments, IT& ITes, steel, Airport, chemical, Automobiles, and pharmaceuticals in the Philippines.

Indian Community in the Philippines
The Indian community in the Philippines is estimated to be about 1,20,00 as per the Bureau of Immigration and around 5000 persons from India have acquired Filipino citizenship. Most people in the community are Punjabis and Sindhis. In the past ten years, there are more professionals about 1500persons who come Philippines for working in organizations such as Asian Development Bank, International Rice Research Institute, UN agencies, MNCs, BPOs, and also with Indian joint ventures in the Philippines. In Philippines, there are more than 10,000 Indian students who are pursuing medical courses in various universities and one of the renowned university in the Philippines i.e. Asian Institute of Management in Manila constitute 50% of Indian students. In flying schools, it is also good and easy for students to learn as teachers’ instructions are in English; students not need to learn their local languages. In the Philippines, several universities like the University of Santo Tomas, the University of the Philippines, the University of Northern Philippines, the University of the Visayas, AdamsonUniversity, the University of Mindanao and others have opened special ‘India chapters’ in their libraries.


Foreign Students in the Philippines
The number of foreign students in the Philippines is small by international comparison, According to to the UIS, the number of inbound degree-seeking students in the Philippines has fluctuated strongly over the years and ranged from 3,514 students in 1999 to 5,136 students in 2006 and 2,665 students in 2008, the last year for which the UIS provides data. More recent data from CHED and the IIE’sProject Atlas (which is based on CHED data) reports higher, if equally fluctuating, numbers. Accordingly, there were 7,766 foreign students in the country in 2011/2012, followed by 6,432students in 2014/2015, and 8,208 students in 2015/2016.


Some Emergency numbers of Philippines
  • National Emergency Hotline in the Philippines: 911
  • Philippine National Police Hotline: 117 or (02) 722-0650.
  • Philippine Red Cross: 143 or (02) 527-8385 to 95.
  • Bureau of Fire Protection: (02) 426-0219 or (02) 426-3812.
National Library of the Philippines
The National Library of the Philippines is the official national library of the Philippines. The complex is located in Ermita on a portion of Rizal Park facing T. M. Kalaw Avenue, neighboring culturally significant buildings such as the Museum of Philippine Political History and the National HistoricalCommission. Like its neighbors, it is under the jurisdiction of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA).

The present-day countrywide library constructing, a six-story, one hundred ten-foot (34 m) edifice, changed into designed by hexagon related architects and constructed at a fee of 5. Five million pesos.[1] with a complete floor area of 198,000 square ft (18,400 m2), the library has three studying rooms and 3 mezzanines which currently occupy the western half of the second, third, and fourth floors. Every studying room can accommodate as much as 532 readers or 1,596 in overall for the complete building. The 400-seat Epifanio de Los Santos auditorium and a cafeteria are located on the6th ground. There also are provisions for administrative offices, a fumigation room, an air-conditioned photography laboratory and printing room, tune rooms, and an exhibition corridor. The library's eight stack rooms have a total combined capacity of one million volumes with ample room for expansion. Similarly, to 2 staircases connecting all six floorings, the National Library building is equipped with an elevator, servicing the first 4 floorings.
Overall, the National Library has over 1.6 million pieces in its collections, one of the largest among Philippines libraries. The collections of the National Library of the Philippines consist of more than210,000 books; over 880,000 manuscripts, all part of the Filipiniana Division; more than 170,000newspaper issues from Metro Manila and across the Philippines; some 66,000 theses and dissertations; 104,000 government publications; 3,800 maps and 53,000 photographs. The library collections include huge numbers of substances saved on various styles of non-print media, in addition to almost 18,000 pieces for use of the library for the blind division.

Indian Embassy in the Philippines
The Embassy of India is located at 2190 Paraiso Street, Dasmarinas Village, Makati City. The Embassy and the Ambassadors residence (located at North Forbes Park) are the Government of India properties purchased in 1981 and 1979 respectively. The Dasmarinas Village like other Villages of its kind in the city of Metro Manila has its own civic bodies including security, sanitation, health, etc. The Embassy itself nestles in the sylvan surroundings of the Dasmarinas Village-quiet and peaceful. The Embassyarea just as the entire Village is not a traffic thoroughfare. Trees and huge houses line up most of the village. Several other foreign Embassies are also located in the Village.
Students have to register themselves with the embassy of India after reaching in the Philippines. It is a very important process for any individual who is going to study or working in Belarus as it is very helpful for the individual in any case of emergency. It is located in Makati City.

Embassy of India, 2190, Paraiso Street, Dasmarinas Village, Makati City, Metro Manila, Philippines
Telephone: 0063-2-88430101-02; 0063-2-88434-048
Fax: 0063-2-88445757; 0063-2-88927301; 0063-2-88158151

EMERGENCY CONTACT: 0063-9477-836524
(The emergency number is only for Indian nationals in distress. Please send a text message first indicating the emergency. This number can be contacted after working hours and holidays only. This number is not for passport and visa queries)

Working Hours

Working Hours: 09.00 to 13.00 hrs 13.30 hrs to 1730 hrs (closed on Saturday and Sundays)

CONSULAR SECTION WORKING HOURS :
Monday to Friday (except holidays)
9 AM to 11 AM : Submission of Applications for attestation & OCI/PIO services at the Embassy
2:30 PM to 4:00 PM : Delivery of consular documents at the Embassy
E-mail : cons.manila@mea.gov.in ; sscons.manila@mea.gov.in


The Ministry of External Affairs, the government of India has launched a helpline portal named “MADAD”. The MADAD a portal has recently started a Students’ Registration Module wherein Indian students who are studying abroad can register themselves. A student registration module is available on MADAD portal at http://www.madad.gov.in/AppConsular/welcomeLink

All Indian students in Belarus are kindly requested to register themselves on the “MADAD” portal at the earliest. The following officers may be contacted any time in case of any problems faced by Indian students studying in Belarus.

Tourist Visa

To visit the Philippines for tourism, you need to get approval for a traveler visa (Tourist Visa) from the Philippines Embassy in New Delhi.

BASIC REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL VISA APPLICANTS
  • Visa application form fully and legibly completed in English by the applicant
  • One passport size photograph was taken no more than 6 months ago. Scanned photos are not acceptable.
  • Bank statements for the last six months stamped and signed by bank officer
  • Original passport valid for at least 6 months beyond the contemplated stay in the Philippines.
  • Photocopy of the data and amendment pages of the applicant's passport.
  • Copy of e-ticket showing CONFIRMED flight details; For temporary visitor&s visa and transit visa holders: Your return or onward journey plane ticket must be presented to the Philippine immigration officer upon entry into the Philippines.
  • Processing fee in demand draft drawn from any bank in India with a branch in New Delhi payable to Embassy of the Philippines". Cash payments will not be accepted. For payment details, please refer to Schedule of Fees
  • Note: Depending on the initial evaluation of the visa processors, other documents may be required. Applicants are advised to submit their documents at least two weeks before the scheduled departure for the Philippines.

Barring unforeseen circumstances or the need for additional documentary requirements, you can collect your passport five working days after the date of submission of the complete application form and documentary requirements from 5:00 PM to 6:00 PM Monday to Fridays.
Saturday, Sunday and Philippine/Indian holidays and other special days when the consular section will be closed will not be counted as processing days. Your claim stub should also indicate the date and time of collection of your passport.

ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS PER TYPE OF VISA APPLICATION
9A: TEMPORARY VISITORS VISA FOR PLEASURE (TOURIST VISA)
  • Copy of Credit cards and/or traveler's checks or foreign exchange endorsement of the passport
  • Original, signed letter from inviting party (if applicable) indicating the complete address and telephone number. The letter must also be notarized in the Philippines.
  • If employed, applicants Certificate of Current Employment from Employer to include employers full name, address and telephone number, applicants length of service and salary details
  • If a self-employed, photocopy of latest Income Tax Return and copy of Personal Assessment Number (PAN) Card
  • If Student, applicants Certificate of Enrollment or Letter of Acceptance from School
  • If minor, under 18 years of age traveling alone or to be accompanied by a person other than a parent or not joining a parent in the Philippines: Affidavit of Support and Consent to Travel. The affidavit must be executed by either or both parents indicating traveling companion of minor and address in the Philippines, duly notarized by a local Notary Public, attested by the MEA  and consular officer of the Philippine Embassy. This affidavit must be presented before immigration officials at the port of entry in the Philippines upon the minors arrival in the Philippines.
  • If Spouse of a Philippine Citizen: Name of Filipino spouse should be indicated in the visa applicants passport Copy of Report of Marriage issued by the Philippine Embassy or Philippine National Statistics office.
  • If Unmarried Minor Child of a Filipino Parent: Copy of Birth Certificate and Copy of Parents valid passports
  • Indian nationals who wish to visit the Philippines for tourism purposes may be granted visa-free entry into the country in any port of entry (major international airports and secondary international hubs (SIHs), as well as in seaports by passengers onboard cruise ships/vessels) for an initial authorized stay not exceeding fourteen (14) days, provided they possess the following:

  1. Either a valid (used or unused) American (US), Japanese, Australian, Canadian, Schengen, United Kingdom, or Singaporean multiple-entry visa or permanent residence permit.
  2. An Indian passport valid at least six (6) months beyond the date of departure from the Philippines;
  3. Return or onward ticket to the next country of destination; and
  4. No derogatory record with the Philippine Bureau of Immigration.
The fourteen (14) day, visa-free entry may be extended by an additional seven (7) days with the Philippine Bureau of Immigration for a maximum stay of twenty-one (21) days but is non-convertible to other visa categories.

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