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  • Type : Government
  • Short Name : bashkirstatemedicaluniversity
  • Established : 1913
  • Location :Ufa , Bashkortostan , Russia

Bashkir State Medical University


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courses-icon Introduction

In 1913, in Bashkiria there were only 143 doctors. Due to a lack of doctors many people had to apply to ignorant witch-doctors, mullahs, exorcists, and thus, were deprived of appropriate medical aid. Children death rate (at the first year of their life) was 283 per1000 newborns. General death rate reached 29 per 1000 people, average lifespan did not exceed 32 years.

By the beginning of 1930s the health rate of the population continued to cause serious anxiety. The authorities of the Republic raised the question of establishing a higher medical educational institution in the Republic.

On 25 March, 1932 the Council of Peoples Commissars issued the order that envisaged the establishment of a medical institute in the city of Ufa.

On 15 November, 1932 there was a ceremonial opening of the medical institute (it was the third higher education institution in Bashkiria), the first classes began. This date is considered initial. Solomon Traynin (1902-1974) was appointed the first director of the Institute.

Solomon Traynin graduated from the Medical Faculty of the Lomonosov State Medical University, and was sent to Ufa. Since 1925 to 1930 he worked at the Republican Dermatovenerologic Health Center, in 1930 he became the head of the newly opened Scientific Research Dermatovenerologic  Institute. Since 1932 to 1937 he was the director of Bashkir Medical Institute. Thanks to his energy and executive talent, very soon the Institute gained faculty, all structural subdivisions were formed. For a great contribution to development of healthcare in Bashkiria he was awarded the Order of Lenin. In 1937 he was persecuted for political reasons and sent to Magadan. After rehabilitation in 1955 he stayed there in Magadan and started to work as a STD and skin specialist.

The Institute was quickly developing as a scientific institution. In 1938 they began publishing scientific books of the Institute, in 1939 the first scientific conferences were hosted. In 1940 Sabir Lukmanov, Chair of the Normal Anatomy Department, Assistant Professor, was appointed Peoples Commissar of Healthcare of the Republic. This event made the Institute connected with the healthcare system more tightly. When the World War Second began the Institute adjusted its work to national needs in war time. On the first days of the war a part of the Institute faculty liable for military service and administrative staff were called to arms. During the war time the Institute prepared 905 doctors.

Graduates and students of the Institute - more than a thousand - sacredly did their duty during the war.  Most of them came back for work at health care institutions. But not everybody came back - 63 of them perished giving their lives for the freedom and honor of our country. Many of them were awarded orders and medals, and were granted the status of Hero of the Soviet Union.

In 1944 the Institute acquired the right to train PhD students. The first PhD students were Dina Lazareva (Pharmacology), Zumarat Valeyeva (Physiology), Manura Ibragimova (Pathological Anatomy).

A great role in the Institute adjustment for the war time belongs to its Director, Assistant Professor Gennadiy Pandikov who possessed good organizing skills.

The following history of BSMU can be described as the following:

1947 - new Director A.A. Ivanov, Assistant Professor, participant of the World War Second

1961 - opening of the Pediatrics Faculty

1970 - opening of the Sanitary and Hygiene Faculty

1970 - creation of the Council on award of the PhD degree

1976 - opening of the Dentistry Department

1976 - opening of the Upgrading Faculty

1980 - creation of the Central Scientific Research Laboratory

1982 - opening of the Pharmacy Faculty

1989 - the Institute was certified by the Russian National Committee for Higher Education

1992 - the Institute opened a new specialty Nursing

1995 - Bashkir State Medical Institute was renamed into Bashkir State Medical University

1995, 2001 - the University was certified by the Russian National Committee for Higher Education

2005 - Nursing Faculty was renamed into Preventive Medicine and Nursing Faculty

2006 - the University acquired the license for educational activity, opening of the specialty Microbiology

In 1957 the Institute celebrated its 25th anniversary. For these years the Institute had prepared 4082 doctors, faculty members had defended 132 PhD theses, the Institute had hosted 38 science conferences. A great contribution to the development of the Institute was made by Professors S. Lukmanov, G. Teregulov, M. Savchenko, N. Sherstennikov, I. Lerman, I. Kadyrov, V. Tretyakov, D. Tatarinov, I. Sluchevskiy, Assistant Professor V. Romankevich and others.

1957- 1973 is an important period in the life of the Institute when the Ministry for Healthcare together with  Bashkir Medical Institute took some effective measures for improvement healthcare in the Republic.

1965 - 1973 - the Institute was headed by Professor Z. Ikhsanov. This period is characterized by frequent visits of the Institute scientists to different areas of the Republic. Doctors were involved into scientific researches, they defended about 200 PhD theses.

1973 - 1982 - the Institute was headed by  Y. Lotsmanov. The Institute began to involve computer programming in the educational process. The Council for scientific organization of the educational process was created. The institute  gained the right to publish educational and methodic literature. There was opened an upgrading institute for doctors. More than 2000 doctors undergone training at this Institute from 1976 to 1982.

1982-1988 - the Institute was headed by Professor Vener Sakhautdinov. Under his rule, there was opened a sanatorium, two hostels for 1100 beds and a sport camp were built.

1988 - 1994 the Institute was headed by Felix Kamilov. They continued to develop qualitative forms of training, performed serious researches of problems in maternity, child's health, occupational hygiene and environmental control. From 1986 to 1990 more than 4000 students graduated from the Institute, about 3400 doctors completed upgrading courses, 220 PhD theses were defended.

In 1994, Professor Vil Timerbulalatov was appointed a new director of the Institute. In 1995 the Institute became a university. That meant a principal  transfer to a new level of development of the medical institution. Today Bashkortostan State Medical University (the official name of the University since 2011) is one of the leading, ranking tenth,  medical universities of Russia. It possesses powerful human resources - 735 PhD doctors.

It has distinguished scientific schools - schools of surgeons, oncologists, physicians, neurologists, infectious diseases doctors, dermatologists, biochemists, morphologists, etc.

Bashkir State Medical University is the center of medical and pharmaceutical science of Bashkortostan Republic. For 80 years our institution has been successfully training specialists for health care, scientific and pedagogical work in the sphere of professional medicaland pharmaceutical education of the Russian Federation.  Scholars of Bashkir State Medical University justly represent our Republic and Russia at the international events in different spheres of natural sciences.

The university faculty consists of  famous scholars and medical practitioners who are involved in teaching, medical, scientific and innovative  activity. BSMU possesses material and technical resources, training facilities, and a large library stock.

BSMU scientific schools, like schools of surgeons, oncologists, cardiologists, morphologists, which serve as bases for scientific research institutes, became famous throughout the world.  

We are glad to open doors for new students from around the world, and we are ready for cooperation  in educational, scientific and innovative work.

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