Croatia is a Central European and Mediterranean country, bordering Slovenia to the west, Hungary to the north, Serbia to the east, and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the south; the country also has a long maritime border with Italy in the Adriatic Sea. These borders total 2,028 km altogether.
Croatia covers a land area of 56,691 square kilometers and has a population of about 4.29 million people (2011 census). Almost 90% of the population is Croat (the majority of whom are Roman Catholics) and there are also Serbian, Bosnian, Hungarian, and Italian minorities.

Main towns and cities in Croatia
The main population centers are Zagreb, the capital (with a population of about 800,000), Osijek in the northeast (population: 108,000), and the ports of Rijeka (population: 128,000) on the northern part of the coastline, and Split (population: 240,000) towards the south. Other well-known towns include Dubrovnik, Makarska, Porec, Rovinj, Opatija, Zadar, and Sibenik.
Croatia has an amazing 5,835km of coastline, 4,057km of which belongs to islands, cliffs, and reefs. There are 1,244 islands and islets in the Adriatic, although only about 50 are populated. The largest island is Krk (near Rijeka) which has a land area of 462 square km, whilst the country’s other well-known islands include Hvar, Brac, Korcula, and Pag.

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