Kyrgyzstan, officially the Kyrgyz republic and additionally referred to as Kirghizia is a country in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country with mountainous terrain. It's far bordered by way of Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west and southwest, Tajikistan to the southwest, and China to the east. Its capital and largest town are Bishkek.

Geography and Climate

Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, bordering Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. It lies between latitudes 39° and 44° n, and longitudes 69° and 81° E. It is far from the sea than any other individual country, and all its rivers flow into a closed drainage system that does not reach the sea. The mountainous region of the tian shan covers over 80% of the country with the remainder made up of valleys and basins.

Issyk-Kul Lake, or Ysyk-Köl in Kyrgyz, is the largest lake in Kyrgzstan in the north-eastern Tian Shan and it is also the second largest mountain lake in the world after Titicaca. The highest peaks are in the Kakshaal-Too range, forming the Chinese border. Peak JengishChokusu, at 7,439 m (24,406 ft), is the highest point and is considered by geologists to be the northernmost peak over 7,000 m (22,966 ft) in the world.Heavy snowfall in wintry weather ends in spring floods which often cause serious damage downstream. The runoff from the mountains is also used for hydro-strength.

Bishek is the capital and the largest city in the north with 937,400 in habitants (as of 2015). It is also the second city is the ancient town of Osh, located in the Fergana Valley near the border with Uzbekistan.The principal river is the Kara Darya, which flows west via the Fergana valley into Uzbekistan. Across the border in Uzbekistan, it meets any other principal Kyrgyz river, the Naryn.

The climate varies regionally. The low-lying Fergana valley in the southwest is subtropical and extremely hot in summer, with temperatures reaching 40 °c (104 °f) the northern foothills are temperate and the tian shan varies from dry continental to polar climate, depending on elevation. In the coldest region temperatures are sub-zero for around 40 days in winter,and even some desert areas experience constant snowfall in this period.In the lowlands the temperature ranges from around −6 °C (21 °F) in January to 24 °C (75 °F) in July.


Kyrgyzstan's population is around 6,389,500 in 2019. Of these, 34.4% are under the age of 15 and 6.2% are over 65. The country is rural and about one-third of the population stay in city areas. The average populace density is 25 people per km².

Ethnic groups

The country's largest ethnic group is the Kyrgyz, a Turkic people(73.3%) of the total population. Other ethnic groups include Russians (5.6%) in the north and Uzbeks (14.6%) living within the south. Small however noticeable minorities consist of dungans (1.1%), Uyghurs (1.1%), Tajiks (1.1%), Kazakhs (0.7%), and Ukrainians (0.5%) and other smaller ethnic minorities (1.7%). The country has over eighty ethnic groups.

The population of Kyrgyzstan according to ethnic group


2018 census
















Kyrgyzstan is considered one of two former Soviet republics in Central Asia to have Russian as a legitimate official language, Kazakhstan being the other. The Kyrgyz language was adopted as the official language in 1991. After pressure from the Russian minority within the country, Kyrgyzstan adopted Russian as an official language as well in 1997, to emerge as an officially bilingual country.

According to the 2009 census, 4.1 million people spoke Kyrgyz as a native or second language and 2.5 million spoke Russian as a native or second language. Uzbek is the second most broadly spoken native language, followed by Russian. Russian is the most broadly spoken second language, followed by Kyrgyz and Uzbek.

Language name

Native speakers

Second-language speakers

Total speakers


























Culture of Kyrgyzstan

The culture of Kyrgyzstan has an extensive mix of ethnic groups and cultures, with the Kyrgyz being the majority group. It is generally considered that there are 40 Kyrgyz clans, symbolized by the 40-rayed yellow sun in the center of the flag. The lines inside the sun are said to represent a yurt. The dominant religion of Kyrgyzstan is Sunni Islam (91%). The Russian population is Russian Orthodox.

Public Holidays

Every year, the country celebrates the new year on 1st January. The Kyrgyz also celebrates their traditional New Year festival Nowruz on the vernal equinox. This spring holiday is celebrated with feasts and festivities such as the horse game UlakTartish.

This is the list of public holidays in Kyrgyzstan:

  • 1 January – New Year's Day
  • 7 January – Orthodox Christmas
  • 23 February – Fatherland Defender's Day
  • 8 March – Women's Day
  • 21–23 March – NooruzMairamy, Persian New Year (spring festival)
  • 7 April – Day of National Revolution
  • 1 May – Labor Day
  • 5 May – Constitution Day
  • 8 May – Remembrance Day
  • 9 May – Victory Day
  • 31 August – Independence Day
  • 7–8 November – Days of History and Commemoration of Ancestors

There are two more muslim holidays OrozoAyt and Qurman (or Qurban) Ayt, which are defined by lunar calendar.


Football is the most famous sport in Kyrgyzstan. The official governing body is the Football Federation of Kyrgyz Republic, which was established in 1992, after the break-up of the soviet-union. It administers the Kyrgyzstan National Football Team.

Ice hockey changed into now not as famous in Kyrgyzstan till the first ice hockey championship was organized in 2009. In 2011, the Kyrgyzstan men's national ice hockey team won the 2011 Asian winter games Premier Division dominating all six games with six wins. It becomes the first major international event that Kyrgyzstan's ice hockey team took part in. The men's ice hockey team of Kyrgyzstan joined the IIHF in July 2011.

Valentina Shevchenko is a Kyrgyzstani–Peruvian pro mixed martial artist who competes within the women's flyweight division of the UFC (Ultimate Fighting Championship), where she is the current women's flyweight champion.

Valentina Shevchenko is a Kyrgyzstani–Peruvian pro mixed martial artist who competes within the women's flyweight division of the UFC (Ultimate Fighting Championship), where she is the current women's flyweight champion.

Kyrgyz Food

Kyrgyz food is the delicacies of the Kyrgyz, who comprise a majority of the population of Kyrgyzstan. The food is quite similar in many aspects to that of their neighbour, mainly Kazakh cuisine.

Kyrgyz meals revolve around mutton, red meat, and horse meat, in addition to various dairy products. Kyrgyzstan is home to many different nationalities and their numerous cuisines. In larger cities, like Bishkek, Osh, Jalal-Abad, and Karakol, numerous national and international cuisines can be found. Non-Kyrgyz cuisines which are mainly common and popular in Kyrgyzstan consist of Uyghur, Dungan, Uzbek, and Russian cuisines, representing the biggest minorities inside the country.

Beshbarmak: - Beshbarmak is the national dish of Kyrgyz, although it's also common in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and in Xinjiang (wherein it is referred to as Narin). It consists of horse meat (or mutton/beef) boiled in its own broth for several hours and served over homemade noodles sprinkled with parsley.

Dimlama: - Dimlama is a stew that includes meat, potatoes, onions, greens, and sometimes fruits.

Kuurdak: - It is one of the main meat dishes.


Common types of bread available in kyrgyzstan include central asian flat bread (nan), and thick, sturdy Russian bread.More traditional bread products include qattama and boorsoq, two types of fried bread.


A popular Kyrgyz beverage is a kymyz, a barely alcoholic drink made by way of fermenting mare's milk.There are numerous beverages that could be defined as traditional Kyrgyz drinks. One such non-alcoholic beverage that may be very popular in Kyrgyzstan, especially in the summer, is Maksym, a slightly fizzy drink made by way of fermenting grains.Jarma is a similar drink derived from ground cereals. It's far made in almost the same way as Maksym, except that it isn't fermented, instead, it is mixed with ayran to make it slightly fizzy.


In Kyrgyzstan the school system includes primary, secondary and high divisions within one school and it is compulsory for every child to finish 9 grades of the school and take a certificate of completion. Grade 10-11 are optional but for graduation it is necessary to have state-accredited school-diploma so to graduate it is necessary that a student must complete 11-year school course and pass 4 mandatory state exams in writing, history and foreign language. There are 55 universities and higher educational institutions in which 37 are state institutions.

Pre-school education is not compulsory in Kyrgyzstan and its access is also limited but primary school is compulsory in which uniforms are required. Secondary education is compulsory with basics which last in four years. Then student can opt in between comprehensive and vocational educations. To join a university, comprehensive education is necessary which is constituted of two-year curriculum and if completed a certificate of completion is given to the student. In vocational courses, there are three kinds of courses, first it is a three year course which is a mix of vocational and general education and preparing for higher education, second is a two-year course which is also a mix of vocational and general education but without preparation of higher education and last but not the least is a ten-month course of pure vocational education. Vocational education is giving in professional lyceum and vocational technical colleges.

Tertiary education is higher education which includes universities, academics, specialized higher education institutes and institutes. Total tertiary education institutions are 54 in which 33 public and 21 privates. The gross enrolment rate in higher education was 12.3% in 2011-2012. Universities give bachelors degree of four years to their student by which they can pursue for their master programs of two years. They also offer a specialist degree of five years for medical and architectural students which open the doors for PhD programs. Academics also offer same degrees in field of scientific activity but specialized higher education institutes are narrow profile institutions. 



There were about 50 airports and airstrips at the end of Soviet period but only few of them are in service today. The Air Company of Kyrgyzstan provides air transport to China, Russia and local countries. The main international airport is in Bishkek named Manas International Airport which provides services to Moscow, Tashkent, Almaty, Urumqi, Istanbul, Baku and Dubai. In the south of the country, the main terminal is Osh Airport which provides daily services to Moscow, Krasnoyarsk, Almaty and more international places. Jalal-Abad Airport is linked to Bishkek by daily flights. Other facilities are closed or used occasionally which is built during soviet times. For the certification of airlines Kyrgyzstan appears in the European Union which means that no airline which is registered in Kyrgyzstan may operate services of any kind within the European Union, due to safety standards which fail to meet European regulations. But till now there is no EU airline has flights to Kyrgyzstan.


There were two end points in the Soviet’s Union Rail system, one in the north named Chuy Valley and one in the south Ferghana Valley. The rail lines which were built without regard of administrative boundaries have been cut by borders and traffic is severely curtailed. Small bits of railways which is 370 Km in total are giving little economic value in the absence of former bulk traffic over long distances to and from such centers as Almaty, Tashkent, and the cities of Russia. 


The major road linking the north and southwest from Bishkek to osh have recently completed with support from Asian Development Bank. This eases the communication between two population centres of the country – the Chuy Valley and Fergana Valley. Some plans are also there to build a major road from Osh into China. 

Cost of Living

The cost of living in Kyrgyzstan is a little higher compared to India. Students can expect it between 10k to 15K INR. Transport cost in Kyrgyzstan is a little high compared to India. The food here is quite cheaper than in India. However, the cost of living also depends on the lifestyle of an individual

Differences in Prices

1.       Restaurant food in Kyrgyzstan are almost than in India.

2.       Grocery Price in Kyrgyzstan is 10% lower than India.

3.       Clothing and shoes prices are 20% higher than India.

4.       Transportation cost is about 15% higher than India.

Relationship between India and Kyrgyzstan

In 2014-15, the trade between both the countries was US$38.53 million in which India exports to Kyrgyzstan was US$37.76 million and Kyrgyzstan exports to India was US$0.77 million. Some of the important items which is exporting to Kyrgyzstan are apparel and clothing, leather goods, drugs and pharmaceuticals, fine chemicals and tea whereas Kyrgyzstan exports raw hides, metalifers ores and metal scrap etc. 

For the promotion of exports of pharmaceutical products, a pharmaceutical delegation of 50 companies from India visited Bishkek on 12-13 March 2015 under the aegis of Pharmexcil. In 30thAahar International fair 2015; an annual agricultural event organized by the Indian Trade Promotion Organization (ITPO), six members of Agrarian Platform from Kyrgyzstan participated from 10-14 March 2015. From 19-21 June 2015, at the biggest mall “Bishkek Park”, Days of India were celebrated and Indian companies representing textiles, handicrafts, artificial jewellery and footwear. A round table was held in Bishkek on 15 July 2015 on agricultural cooperation and around 110 Kyrgyzstan representatives of Agricultural associations, media houses and individual farmers participated in this round table. 

Education and Culture

To replace the agreement on culture, arts, education, science, mass-media and sports of 18 March 1992, PM Modi was recently visited on July 2015 and signed an agreement of cooperation, in the spheres of culture. Generally, there is a appreciation of Indian culture. In 1997, the Centre of Indian studies set up in Osh State University which is useful for providing an exposure of Indian culture and civilization to academicians and intelligentsia in this country. Two workshops of Kathak dance were conducted; one in Bishkek and other is in Issyk-kul on January and July 2014 respectively. Bhola Panchi, a 10-member bhangra group which is sponsored by ICCR, performed in Bishkek on 18 October and in Kara-Balta on 19 October 2014. An Indian study centre was inaugurated on 14 November 2014 and established by the mission in the prestigious national library of Kyrgyzstan in Bishkek. Also, a seven-member Sitar group led by Pandit Prateek Chaudhuri which was also sponsored by ICCR performed in Bishkek and Osh on 28-29 March 2015 respectively. Shri Dhruba Ghosh, Principal of Bhartiya Vidya Bhavan, Mumbai, a renowned Indian musician performed in Bishkek along with a Central Asian Orchestra on 5th August 2015. A troupe named Natya STEM Dance Kampani performed in the most prestigious Kyrgyzstan National Philharmony Hall on 20 October 2015 which was also sponsored by ICCR.

Indian students in Kyrgyzstan

Around 16000 Indian students are studying medicine in Kyrgyzstan various medical institutions but apart from it a few businessmen are engaged in trade and services. Last but not the least some Indian restaurants are also opened across Bishkek.

Kyrgyzstan Official Holidays






1 Jan


New Year

Public Holiday


2 Jan


Public Holiday (Day off for Defender of the Fatherland Day)

Public Holiday


3 Jan


Public Holiday (Day off for International Women's Day)

Public Holiday


4 Jan


Public Holiday

Public Holiday


5 Jan


Public Holiday

Public Holiday


6 Jan


Public Holiday (Day off for Nooruz)

Public Holiday


7 Jan


Orthodox Christmas Day

Public Holiday



23 Feb


Defender of the Fatherland Day

Public Holiday



8 Mar


International Women's Day

Public Holiday


20 Mar


March Equinox



21 Mar


National Holiday "Nooruz"

Public Holiday



7 Apr


April People's Revolution Day

Public Holiday



1 May


May Day

Public Holiday


4 May


Public Holiday (Day off for Victory Day)

Public Holiday


5 May


Constitution Day of the Kyrgyz Republic

Public Holiday


9 May


Victory Day

Public Holiday


24 May


Orozo Ait

Public Holiday


25 May


Orozo Ait observed

Public Holiday



21 Jun


June Solstice




31 Jul


Kurman Ait

Public Holiday



31 Aug


Independence Day of the Kyrgyz Republic

Public Holiday



22 Sep


September Equinox




7 Nov


Days of History and Memory of Ancestors

Public Holiday


8 Nov


Days of History and Memory of Ancestors Holiday

Public Holiday


9 Nov


Day off for Days of History and Memory of Ancestors

Public Holiday


10 Nov


Day off for Days of History and Memory of Ancestors Holiday

Public Holiday



21 Dec


December Solstice



Emergency & Important Numbers

·         Ambulance Private: - 151

·         Ambulance Public: - 103

·         Directory: - 109

·         Fire: - 101

·         Police: - 102

National Library of Kyrgyzstan

In one of the central squares of Kyrgyzstan's capital town there's a stunning palace of white marble. It's right here that the national library of the Kyrgyz Republic is located, which is considered to be the center of the complete national intellectual life. You could find here a unique collection of scripts and different historical monuments of the Kyrgyz people, which make up their contribution to world civilization, to the functioning of the international information market.

In the course of the years of the library’s existence, its budget has multiplied more than 350 times and these days consist of approximately 6 million various documents in 89 global languages.Annually the Library has an average in-flow of 25-30 thousand copies of books, newspapers, magazines, musical records, informational-bibliographic indexes, reference books, encyclopaedias, statistical digests (until 1990 amount of new publications was 180-200 thousand copies).

The National Library has its own reading hall that are differentiated by fields of knowledge accommodate more than 700 customers at once. Daily attendance of the Library is about 1250 readers.

Address: -208 UsupAbdrahmanov St, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.

Embassy of India in Kyrgyzstan

Students have to register themselves with the embassy of India after reaching in Belarus. It is a very important process for any individual who is going to study or working in Belarus as it is very helpful for the individual in any case of emergency. It is located in Minsk

Address: Embassy of India, Bishkek:chancery: 100-A, Mahatma Gandhi Street, Bishkek - 720010 (Kyrgyzstan).

The Ministry of External Affairs, the government of India has launched a helpline portal named “MADAD”. The MADAD a portal has recently started a Students’ Registration Module wherein Indian students who are studying abroad can register themselves. A student registration module is available on MADAD portal at

The Ministry of External Affairs, the government of India has launched a helpline portal named “MADAD”. The MADAD a portal has recently started a Students’ Registration Module wherein Indian students who are studying abroad can register themselves. A student registration module is available on MADAD portal at

Please note: - Please register as MADAD user if you have any grievance related to consular services offered by Indian Missions/Posts abroad or are an Indian student studying/planning to study abroad. MADAD enables online logging and tracking of grievances, and submission of course/contact details of students.

Name: - Dr Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

Designation: -External Affairs Minister

Details of Embassy Officials

Sr. No.

Name &Designatin


Telephone Number



Shri Alok Amitabh Dimri





Shri Krishan Kumar Pahel




Col. V L M Mohan,

Defence Attaché



Shri R Narayanan, First Secretary



Shri Hari Prasad,
Second Secretary(PPS) to




Shri N.Ponnappan

Second Secretary (Com)


List of Holidays on which Embassy will be closed: -




New Year’s Day

01 January


Republic Day

26 January



10 March


Ram Navmi

02 April


Good Friday

10 April


Labour Day

01 May


Budh Purnima

07 May



01 August



12 August


Independence Day

15 August



30 August


Independence Day of Kyrgyz Republic

31 August


Mahatma Gandhi Birthday

2 October



25 October



14 November


Guru Nanak Birthday

30 November


Christmas Day

25 December

Kyrgyzstan visa for the citizens of India

India is one of the many countries eligible for a Kyrgyzstan eVisa, which means that as an Indian citizen, you are no longer required to pay a visit to the nearest embassy to apply for your travel document. Instead, you can apply online, and iVisa can facilitate the process for you.

The list of necessary documents for visa issuing:

1. An invitation issued through the Consular Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kyrgyz Republic, indicating the number of visa support;

2. Passport copy;

3. Filled-in visa application form

4. 2 colour Photo with size of 3 * 4 cm;

5. Payment of consular fees.

Visitors carrying an eVisa can enter Kyrgyzstan for a maximum of 60 days in Total. All visits are strictly limited to business or tourism, so you can NOT seek paid work or employment

The application for Kyrgyzstan eVisa is really easy. It has only three steps:

  1. The first step will ask you to fill in your general information. You also need to choose the processing time from the options mentioned above.
  2. The second step will ask you to revise step one and make the payment.
  3. The last step consists of a questionnaire and a photo upload. At this point you will need to upload your passport scan. Other documents may be required as well, but it depends on individual circumstances.
After you are done, submit your form and wait for your visa to arrive. In case you need assistance to fill your application, iVisa has a fantastic support service that you can call 24/7.

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